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The End of Cyberspace

  • The Air Force defines cyberspace «as a domain characterized by the use of electronics and the electromagnetic spectrum to store, modify, and exchange data via networked systems…. cyberspace is a very real, physical domain.»
  • «The twentieth century was the age of air power but the twenty-first century is the age of cyber warfare.»
  • Deep in the heart of cyberspace, something new called a Network Warfare and Ops Squadron fights battles 24/7 from a building in a nondescript office park here at Lackland Air Force Base.
  • «[T]he Air Force has had to develop a more concrete idea of what it means to fly and fight in cyberspace. «
  • What we are seeing is that the Cyberspace Domain contains the same seeds for Criminal, Pirate, Transnational, and Government-Sponsored mischief as we have contended with in the Domains of Land, Sea, Air, and now contemplate as Space continues to mature.
  • «With technology evolving so quickly, cyberspace is probably the only warfighting domain in which we have pure competitors.»
  • The «most important» change n the character of military power «is the 21st century’s levée en masse, a mass networked mobilization that emerges from cyberspace with a direct impact on physical reality.»
  • «The interaction between real and virtual spaces can be reconceptualized by mobilizing the notion of cybernetic space to signify the relationship between spaces, culture and identity in the synthetic space we tend to live in.»
  • «People tend to say, especially since the beginning of the commercial use of the Internet, that legal problems in cyberspace are quite different from those in the real world.» But are they really?
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The End of Cyberspace

Yet another data-point on the relationship between fabrication technologies, design, and education. It’s weird how you sometimes see clusters of things.

Fabrication: The Fifth Ecology of Los Angeles For [architect] Jason Payne of gnuform, Los Angeles provided an opportunity, as he says, “to strain through materiality” the more abstract formal experimentation his office had been pursuing in New York…. Los Angeles’s unique culture of fabrication that make it one of the most exciting places to practice in the world today. Drawing on the expertise of fabricators working with Los Angeles-based aerospace, automotive, and entertainment industries, these and other area architects are beginning to materialize designs that until recently were trapped inside their computers. What seems especially appealing is the willingness of Los Angeles fabricators to take on jobs that require extraordinary flexibility in schedule, budget and specifications of final product.

This looseness and embrace of collaboration has fostered a design culture in which fabrication has become an increasingly important engine of design innovation. Architects design by making, by fabricating, which enables them to quickly learn from successes and failures, building the design intelligence required of more refined and robust designs.

I suspect that many of the substantive objections to having computers in the classroom can be boiled down to issues involving bringing a then-disruptive cyberspace into the classroom— and that we can begin to see how, for some disciplines at least, we could design our way past those problems.

Technorati Tags: architecture, California, city, end of cyberspace, prototyping

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The End of Cyberspace

  • The Air Force defines cyberspace «as a domain characterized by the use of electronics and the electromagnetic spectrum to store, modify, and exchange data via networked systems…. cyberspace is a very real, physical domain.»
  • «The twentieth century was the age of air power but the twenty-first century is the age of cyber warfare.»
  • Deep in the heart of cyberspace, something new called a Network Warfare and Ops Squadron fights battles 24/7 from a building in a nondescript office park here at Lackland Air Force Base.
  • «[T]he Air Force has had to develop a more concrete idea of what it means to fly and fight in cyberspace. «
  • What we are seeing is that the Cyberspace Domain contains the same seeds for Criminal, Pirate, Transnational, and Government-Sponsored mischief as we have contended with in the Domains of Land, Sea, Air, and now contemplate as Space continues to mature.
  • «With technology evolving so quickly, cyberspace is probably the only warfighting domain in which we have pure competitors.»
  • The «most important» change n the character of military power «is the 21st century’s levée en masse, a mass networked mobilization that emerges from cyberspace with a direct impact on physical reality.»
  • «The interaction between real and virtual spaces can be reconceptualized by mobilizing the notion of cybernetic space to signify the relationship between spaces, culture and identity in the synthetic space we tend to live in.»
  • «People tend to say, especially since the beginning of the commercial use of the Internet, that legal problems in cyberspace are quite different from those in the real world.» But are they really?
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The End of Cyberspace

My second post on this blog was on the addition of «cyberspace» in the Air Force’s mission statement. Tonight I can across an interesting Air University essay, by 8th Air Force strategist David Fahrenkrug, on «Cyberspace Defined:»

The Department of Defense officially codified its understanding of cyberspace as a warfighting domain with the publication of the National Military Strategy for Cyberspace Operations. In this document, cyberspace is defined as a domain characterized by the use of electronics and the electromagnetic spectrum to store, modify, and exchange data via networked systems and associated physical infrastructures. According to this definition, cyberspace is a very real, physical domain that is comprised of electronics and networked systems that use electromagnetic energy. Cyberspace exists across the other domains of air, land, sea, and space and connects these physical domains with the cognitive processes that use the data that is stored, modified, or exchanged.

Perhaps if anyone is going to redefine cyberspace to better reflect its material qualities, and the challenges of its pervasive interconnection with the physical world, it’s going to be the military?

Technorati Tags: cyberspace, end of cyberspace, military